States of Consciousness
(Psy 372)

Dr. John Suler

Science and Technology Center, Rm 320
Rider University - (609-895-5430)

This course explores the variety of states that comprise "normal" and "altered" consciousness. It highlights how these states are determined by complex interactions between conscious and unconscious mental functions. Key psychological concepts are applied in an investigation of various states of consciousness, especially meditative states and dreams. The course examines both the psychopathological aspects of these states, as well as their potential beneficial effects on creativity and the development of the self.

Wherever You Go There You Are,, by Jon Kabat-Zinn
Our Dreaming Mind, by Robert van de Castle
Working and Playing with Dreams , by John Suler
The Evolution of Consciousness, by Robert Ornstein

In addition to our in-class discussions of the various states of consciousness, there will be four major ongoing activities in the course:

1. Meditation: In this first section of this course (approximately 4 weeks), we will explore different types of meditation, with an emphasis on "mindfulness meditation."We will practice meditation in every class. In our first class meeting we will try out meditation. If you think it's too uncomfortable, a waste of time, or for any reason you strongly dislike it, I suggest that you don't take this course.

2. Dreams: n this second section of the course (approximately 4 weeks), you will be working with your dreams and those of other students. In your journal, you will be getting written feedback about your dreams from other students. If you do not dream often, or at all, that's OK. This is something you can investigate and perhaps change. However, this component of the course may at times be frustrating for you. If this is the case, or if dream work is uncomfortable for you, consider not taking this course.

3. Other States of Consciousness: In this last section of the course (approximately 4 weeks), we will examine a variety of other altered states of consciousness, such as drug-induced experiences, extrasensory perception, psychosis, near-death experiences, sensory deprivation, peak experiences, and religious experiences.

4. Creativity Project: You will pursue a creative activity that will lead to a creative work. You will present your work to fellow students ON THE DAY OF THE FINAL EXAM. This project can be anything of your choice - painting, short story, poem, music, dance, an original "scientific"work, etc. Hopefully, your meditation practice and dream-work will enhance your creative pursuit.

EVALUATION: (class attendance WILL affect your grade)

Exams on books (true/false; 60-70 pts each). Material from class may be on these exams.
Your journal (50 pts - see other side of this handout)
Failure to produce or present a creative work (MINUS 20 pts)

Your grade during and at the end of the course can be calculated as a percentage score: Percentage score = (total points you have / total points possible) x 100

Letter Grade / Percentage Score

A = 93 - 100

A- = 88 - 92

B+ = 83 - 87

B = 78 - 82

B- = 73 - 77

C+ = 68 - 72

C = 63 - 67

C- = 58 - 62

D = 52 - 57

FAIL below 52


Your journal will contain all your writings for this course. Within the guidelines listed below, feel free to write whatever you want - your opinions, speculations, feelings, imaginings, experiences, memories, etc. Feel free to be as creative as you want. Bring your journal to class every day!

SOME RULES (points willl be deducted for not following them!):

* see the sample journal on the bookshelf outside my office *

-- use a SMALL RING looseleaf binder (NOT THE BIG RING TYPE.... PLEASE!!!)
-- use standard size looseleaf paper
-- put each entry on a separate page
-- for each entry put a title on the TOP line of the page. Be creative!
-- put a page number and the date on each entry
-- at the beginning of the journal put a table of contents that includes the title, date, and page number of each entry
-- put a divider between each section of the journal


1. MEDITATION (you must have 10 entries on 10 separate pages)
In these entries, discuss your ideas about meditation. For example: What are your reactions to the meditations we are doing in class? Are you trying meditation on your own? How is it going? Are your opinions about meditation changing? Do you see meditative states of consciousness at other times in your life.... etc.

2. DREAMS (you must have 10 entries on 10 separate pages)
In these entries, discuss your dreams and your ideas about dreams. Simply describing your dreams is not sufficient. You must WORK with the dream. You might also discuss your attempts to remember dreams, events in your life that might be affecting your dreams, your opinions about dreams and dream interpretation. What reactions do you have to our in-class work with dreams?... etc.

3. CREATIVITY PROJECT (10 entries on 10 separate pages)
In these entries write about your progress on your creative project. What ideas are you considering? How do those ideas come to you? What is the creative process like for you? How do you get stuck and unstuck? What does the project say about your personality?

4. REACTIONS TO THE BOOKS (10 entries on 10 separate pages)
In these entries, describe your reactions to the books. What did you like or dislike about them? What did you find useful or interesting in them?

5. DIALOGUES (10 entries on 10 separate pages)
During the semester you must give 10 entries from your journal to other students (NOT writings we passed around in class!). On the entry, they will write their reactions to what you said. In this Dialogue section, you create new entries where you RESPOND to what the person wrote. Be sure to indicate on each of these new entries which original entry you are referring to (title & page #). Do not put those original entries in this section.

6. MISC STUFF (any other writings or materials from class)

Each entry must be at least HALF of the standard looseleaf page!
(don't try to "cheat" by skipping lines or making big margins!)

A point in deducted for each entry that is missing or incomplete (no title, date, insufficient length, describing a dream without working on it) Journals are due on the last day of classes and will be returned to you on the day of the presentations (the date of the final exam). 5 points will be deducted for every day a journal is handed in late. No exceptions!

* The instructor reserves the right to make changes in this course.

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